Heritage Winter Wheats

and 'new landraces'*

The Heritage Grain Conservancy is a farmer-owned, farm-run cooperative to collect, conserve and restore delicious world heritage grains on the verge of extinction. Our varieties are available in small amounts to multiply and restore. The seeds are offered to you with hope that you will become a new biodiversity center in your own community. We are here to support this in all ways since we have many more rare landrace that are not listed. Like Gandhi's Salt Walk, if small-scale farmers and gardeners work together to restore biodiversity, we can create a viable alternative to the global grain corporate monolith.

Grow a diversity of world landrace wheats. Conduct research with a Noah's Ark of Biodiversity.

Heritage Wheat Catalogue

Planting Guidelines


Black Winter Emmer


Hulled Black Winter Emmer thrives in drought or heavy rain. Fusarium resistant. Savored in soups, bulgar, breakfast cereal or flatbreads and pasta. Highly nutritous. 1 cup = 24g protein. Recipes


Caucasus Rouge


Georgian Landrace Winter Wheat of exceptional beauty and fusarium resistance. Lower yielding but richer flavor!





robust, high yielding
Vavilov reported: 'Banatka is reknowned for excellent baking quality and wide adaptability'b

* Rogosa cross of Banatka x Bankuti

1 oz




Rouge de Bordeaux

beloved by French artisan bakers, rich flavor


1 oz




high yield, delicious landrace



for hearty peasant breads

1 oz



Traditional farmers grow mixtures. This allows nature and farmers to co-evolve a locally-adapted landrace. Current research confirms that wheat mixtures tend to yield higher and have richer, complex flavor. Plant each seed 12" apart in deep-dug well-fertilized soil. Plant a low-growing clover or spread mulch between wheats to suppress spring weeds. Heritage wheats are at least twice as tall with a larger root system than modern wheats. Save the seeds from the robust plants that best thrive in your unique soil and micro-climate. Plant a resilient wheat polyculture that can better adapt to your unique fields and local weather. Exchange seed with your neighbors to build a community wheat supply.

'Looking at the field of ripening grain, Vavilov realized it was not a uniform wheat cultivar, but a panoply of intermixed strains of grain that formed a resilient polyculture. It was necessary to collect hundreds of seedheads for a representative sample of the vast biodiversity in a single field...The traditional farmers' methods of crop selection enhance landrace wheats' biodiversity; Their criteria of complex traits include: flavor, texture, health, maturation and more.' Where Our Food Comes From. Gary Nabhan p. 139

Hourani Biblical Wheat

The ancient wheat variety discovered in the Masada Fortress by Yigal Yadin, translator of the Dead Sea Scroll, stored 2,000 years ago by King Herod. This is the wheat eaten by ancient Israel. but today is almost extinct. Collected by Nikolai Vavilov in 1926. and by Eli Rogosa in 2008, Wadi Fukin


Hourani - ancient biblical wheat eaten 2000 years ago in Jerusalem

Available on special request.

collected in Wadi Fukin near Bethlehem

Emmer Flour

Emmer (T. dicoccon), known as 'farro' in Europe, was the wheat of Ancient Egypt, used for the original matzah, and in the early years of Biblical Israel. Emmer was found in the Jericho cave where Bar Kokhba rebels hid from the Romans in 135 CE Emmer is being rediscovered as a gourmet grain due to its rich flavor and high nutrition. Our organic emmer is grown in the US from an ancient Ethiopian variety brought to Israel by Ethiopean Jews.



Sephardic Emmer Recipes from the Mediterranean Kitchen


Ancient Grain Posters

 Heritage Wheat

 Wheat Biodiversity

 Ancient Wheat


 Seder Zariim L'Zemananu

The Way of Seed for Our Times

ancient teachings of blessings and seed in the first volume of the Mishnah - 30 pages pdf

 Seed Stewards

Seed-Saving Activity Guidebook

grade-by-grade hands-on seed science

- 41 pages-pdf


All photos and text copyright by Eli Rogosa and may not be copied, used or adapted without written permission.

Restoring Our Seed

New England Seed Conference